Crypto Glossary

Posted on September 13, 2021 in


Fiat currencies are national currencies that aren’t backed by a commodity like gold or silver but instead are issued by the government. In part, the value of fiat money is determined by the public’s trust in the currency’s issuer, which is usually the government or central bank of the country in question.

What is fiat currency?

Currency issued by governments, often known as fiat currency or fiat money, is the polar opposite of commodity money. Essentially, the distinction between fiat currency and commodity currency is in their fundamental worth. The inherent worth of commodities money, such as gold and silver coins, has historically been derived from the materials that are used to manufacture them. Contrary to this, fiat money has no intrinsic worth; it is the promise of a government or central bank that the currency would be capable of being exchanged for things of equal or greater value than its face value.

The pound sterling, the euro, and the US dollar are all examples of fiat currencies that are widely recognized. In reality, only a few international currencies are actual commodity currencies, and the vast majority of them are some sort of fiat money in some form or another.

Difference between cryptocurrency and fiat currency

Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies have a lot in common with traditional fiat money, but they also have some significant benefits. 

Both cryptocurrency and fiat currency may be used as a means of payment as well as a means of storing value. To operate as a medium of trade, they both rely on widespread customer confidence to function. 

Central banks and governments are in charge of issuing and controlling fiat money. On the other hand, cryptocurrency is generated and distributed through a process known as mining, and it is not controlled by central authority, or organization. 

In addition to being tamper-proof and not being able to be spent more than once, cryptocurrency can be trusted. In the case of a cryptocurrency transaction, it is impossible to reverse, cancel, or charge it back – unlike most fiat money transactions.

Fiat to Crypto?

In simple terms, “Fiat to crypto” refers to the act of purchasing cryptocurrencies with fiat money, for example, purchasing Ether with US dollars.

Many sites only permitted cryptocurrency to be traded for cryptocurrency not too long ago. You may therefore exchange your Bitcoin for Litecoin, or you can trade your Litecoin for Ether. However, it would not be possible to buy Ether or Litecoin with USD simply because they are not widely accepted. We were able to engage in a few simple transactions that allowed us to buy bitcoin alone, but if we wanted to purchase any other altcoins, we would have to first transfer our bitcoin to a crypto-to-crypto exchange (which might take days). 

Today, crypto-to-fiat exchanges seen in more advanced online exchanges have the property of “fiat to crypto” exchange abilities as a distinguishing characteristic.

Cryptocurrency over fiat currency

For cryptocurrency to be money, it must serve two primary functions: it must facilitate transactions between two parties, and it must serve as a store of value. However, traditional money systems cannot yet offer some of the cryptocurrency advantages, such as being able to be spent and received by anyone, anywhere, and without the requirement of a bank or a government. The most significant element of cryptocurrencies is their inherent ability to be completely decentralized.

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ZEI is currently registered under and listed by Bappebti as a candidate merchant. To date, the Indonesian government has established crypto assets as commodities which can be determined as the subjects of futures contracts, which can be traded through the Futures Exchange (of crypto assets).


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